International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors, by Informa Healthcare, Waldemar Karwowski

By Informa Healthcare, Waldemar Karwowski

The former variation of the foreign Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human elements made historical past because the first unified resource of trustworthy info drawn from many nation-states of technological know-how and know-how and created particularly with ergonomics pros in brain. It was once additionally a winner of the simplest Reference Award 2002 from the Engineering Libraries department, American Society of Engineering schooling, united states, and the phenomenal educational name 2002 from selection journal. no longer content material to leisure on his laurels, human elements and ergonomics professional Professor Waldemar Karwowski has overhauled his standard-setting source, incorporating insurance of attempted and actual equipment, basic rules, and significant paradigm shifts in philosophy, notion, and layout. Demonstrating the really interdisciplinary nature of this box, those alterations make the second one version much more complete, extra informative, extra, in a note, encyclopedic.

Keeping the structure popularized through the 1st variation, the recent version has been thoroughly revised and up to date. Divided into thirteen sections and arranged alphabetically inside of every one part, the entries offer a transparent and easy define of the themes in addition to detailed and sensible details. The publication studies purposes, instruments, and leading edge options concerning ergonomic examine. Technical phrases are outlined (where attainable) inside of entries in addition to in a word list. scholars and execs will locate this layout useful, whether or not they have ergonomics, engineering, computing, or psychology backgrounds. specialists and researchers also will locate it an outstanding resource of data on components past the variety in their direct pursuits.

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Additional resources for International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors, Second Edition - 3 Volume Set (Volume 1)

Example text

Work at home, behavior in the home, the space available for people to move, the dimensions and design of rooms and living spaces, as well as the special situation and needs of handicapped and invalid persons all contained important issues and problems of interest to him. The home is also exposed to disturbances and annoyances that originate outside its borders, environmental factors which impinge on the home, particularly noise from roads, railways and aviation, and environmental chemical pollutants.

In this way he spread ergonomic concepts to personal managers, senior managers of industrial concerns, banks and insurance companies, public utilities, trade unions, and many other groups. Although the interaction between the health and well-being of the working person and his or her work performance are clearly related, Grandjean never allowed performance improvements to be the primary focus of the ergonomist. He always kept preventive healthcare in the foreground of all his work. His initial scientific work concentrated on physiological research into the effects of physical loading at work.

2. EARLY RESEARCH FOCUS ON ERGONOMICS The importance of considering worker capacities and limitations in the design of work and working environments which would ensure effective integration of man and machine was recognized in Australia quite early in the 20th century, and a wide range of ergonomics-related research studies was undertaken. In the 1930s the aviation industry was the focus of much of the early ergonomics-related research. Factors relating to visual standards, changes in atmospheric pressure with altitude, the problems of blackout in aircrew and the problems of noise in aircraft were areas for particular interest.

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